aHeart Attack

Average Out of Pocket Cost

The estimated out-of-pocket costs for a patient who suffers a heart attack are $5,000 to more than $8,000 over the expected year of treatment.

American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN)
http://action.acscan.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=11253&news_iv_ctrl=1321
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Recent estimates suggest that cardiovascular disease costs the United States $110 billion annually. The average cost to traditional health insurers for the first 90 days following a heart attack is $38,501. Medicare spends over $14,000 per patient on hospital bills in the year after a heart attack, plus additional amounts for physicians and outpatient care. Moreover, these amounts are rising at a rate of 4 percent annually.

The National Bureau of Economic Research
http://www.nber.org/digest/oct98/w6514.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Heart Disease is the number one killer.

American Heart Association
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/UnderstandYourRiskofHeartAttack/Understand-Your-Risk-of-Heart-Attack_UCM_002040_Article.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

Men have a greater risk of heart attack than women do, and they have attacks earlier in life.

American Heart Association
http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/HeartAttack/WarningSignsofaHeartAttack/Heart-Attack-Symptoms-in-Women_UCM_436448_Article.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

In 2009, the real cost for a heart valve procedure and hospitalization was $49,000.

National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Hyattsville, MD. Page 8 Highlights.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

In 2009, the real cost for a coronary artery bypass graft procedure was $36,000.

National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Hyattsville, MD. Page 8 Highlights.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

In 2009, the real cost for a cardiac pacemaker insertion or replacement was $33,000.

National Center for Health Statistics. Health, United States, 2011: With Special Feature on Socioeconomic Status and Health. Hyattsville, MD. Page 8 Highlights.
http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/hus/hus11.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The average real cost of a severe heart attack is about $1 million.

CBS New, Market Watch, published April 23, 2010
http://www.cbsnews.com/8301-505146_162-39940799/how-much-would-a-heart-attack-cost-you/
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aStroke

Average Out of Pocket Cost

Among common diagnoses, … with the highest out-of-pocket expenditures … ,stroke ($23,380) … .

The American Journal of Medicine, Clinical Research Study; Medical Bankruptcy in the U.S. 2007; David U. Himmelstein, MD, Deborah Thorne, PhD, Elizabeth Warren, JD Steffie Woolhandler, MD, MPH; page 4.
http://www.pnhp.org/new_bankruptcy_study/Bankruptcy-2009.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

The average cost of care for a patient up to 90 days after stroke is $15,000.

The University Hospital, Newark, NJ; The Stroke Center, About Stroke and the Brain, Stroke Statistics
http://www.theuniversityhospital.com/stroke/stats.htm
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The average lifetime cost of a stroke is $100,000 for each survivor.

American Heart Association, American Stroke Association; Frequently Asked Questions for Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and ASTP
http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/General/Frequently-Asked-Questions-for-Get-With-The-Guidelines-Stroke-and-ASTP_UCM_315318_Article.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

More than half of total stroke deaths occur in women.

American Heart Association/American Stroke Association
http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/UnderstandingRisk/Understanding-Stroke-Risk_UCM_308539_SubHomePage.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The cost of care in the first 30 days following a severe stroke is $20,346, with a lifetime cost of $140,048.

The Hastings Center, Health Care Cost Monitor, Jan, 22, 2010
http://healthcarecostmonitor.thehastingscenter.org/kimberlyswartz/projected-costs-of-chronic-diseases/
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aColon Cancer

Average Out of Pocket Cost

For the stage III colon cancer patient, out-of-pocket costs range from $15,000 to $17,000 over the course of treatment lasting an expected three years.

American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN)
http://action.acscan.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=11253&news_iv_ctrl=1321
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Average Annual Costs of Care, Colon Cancer: $51,327 (female), $51,812 (male); for individuals over age 65.

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, www.cancer.org
http://costprojections.cancer.gov/annual.costs.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The mean total colon cancer cost per Medicare patient was $29,196; for individuals over age 65.

Health Care Financing Review/Fall 2009/Volume 31, Number 1; page 47. Colon Cancer Treatment Costs for Medicare and Dually Eligible Beneficiaries, Zhehui Luo, Ph.D., Cathy J. Bradley, Ph.D., Bassam A. Dahman, and Joseph C. Gardiner, Ph. D.
http://www.cms.gov/Research-Statistics-Data-and-Systems/Research/HealthCareFinancingReview/Downloads/09FallPg35.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average annual health care expenses for newly diagnosed cancer patients younger than 65 years were $16,910 in 2007, with $2,159 (13%) paid directly out of survivors' pockets.

American Cancer Society, Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures, 2012-2013, page 20
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-033876.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Overall, the lifetime risk of developing colorectal cancer is about 1 in 20 (5.1%). This risk is slightly lower in women than in men.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/colonandrectumcancer/detailedguide/colorectal-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

More than 9 out of 10 people diagnosed with colorectal cancer are at least 50 years old.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/colonandrectumcancer/detailedguide/colorectal-cancer-risk-factors
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aLung Cancer

Average Out of Pocket Cost

Out-of-pocket costs (OPC) and time costs (TC) for patients with stage IV non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and their caregiver's averages between $323 and $8,011 per month.

American Society of Clinical Oncology; Journal of Clinical Oncology, 2004 ASCO Annual Meeting Proceedings (Post-Meeting Edition). Vol 22, No 14S (July 15 Supplement), 2004: 6021
http://www.asco.org/ASCOv2/Meetings/Abstracts?&vmview=abst_detail_view&confID=26&abstractID=3666
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Average Annual Costs of Care, Lung Cancer: $60,533 (female); $60,885 (male); for individuals over age 65.

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, www.cancer.org
http://costprojections.cancer.gov/annual.costs.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The study population consisted of 4068 patients; mean (SD) age was 65 (11) years. Over a median follow-up of 334 days, study subjects averaged 1.5 hospital admissions, 8.9 total inpatient days, and 69 physician office and hospital outpatient visits. Mean (95% CI) cumulative total healthcare costs were $125,849 ($120,228, $131,231).

BioMed Central; Research article: Healthcare costs in patients with metastatic lung cancer receiving chemotherapy; Montserrat Vera-Llonch, Derek Weycker, Andrew Glass, Sue Gao, Rohit Borker, Beth Barber and Gerry Oster.
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/305/
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Some of the newer cancer treatments can cost you $10,000 a month.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/treatment/findingandpayingfortreatment/managinginsuranceissues/the-cost-of-cancer-treatment
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average annual health care expenses for newly diagnosed cancer patients younger than 65 years were $16,910 in 2007, with $2,159 (13%) paid directly out of survivors' pockets.

American Cancer Society, Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures, 2012-2013, page 20
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-033876.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death in women.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-non-smallcell/detailedguide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

About 2 out of 3 people diagnosed with lung cancer are 65 or older.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-non-smallcell/detailedguide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

You have a 1 in 13 risk of developing lung cancer.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/lungcancer-non-smallcell/detailedguide/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aBreast Cancer

Average Out of Pocket Cost

A new study from Duke University Medical Center and Dana-Farber Cancer found their self-reported, out-of-pocket, cancer-related costs averaged $712 a month.

Duke University Medical Center and Dana-Farber Cancer Institute; study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Clinical Oncology.
http://www.dukehealth.org/health_library/news/medical-bills-force-cancer-patients-to-skimp-on-care-and-necessities
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Mean monthly out-of-pocket costs were $360 (SD = $346), and ranged from $36 to $1224. Additional costs for wigs, special events, gifts, and alternative treatment incurred since diagnosis, ranged from $20 to $3700.

PubMed, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Breast cancer patients' out-of-pocket expenses. Moore KA, Wayne State University, College of Nursing, Detroit, MI 48202, USA.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10526432
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013.

The report finds that estimated out-of-pocket costs for a stage II breast cancer patient range from $10,000 to more than $13,000 for treatment over two years.

American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN)
http://action.acscan.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=11253&news_iv_ctrl=1321
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Mean (95% CI) cumulative healthcare costs averaged $128,556 ($118,409, $137,644) from index date to the end of follow-up.

BioMed Central; Research article: Healthcare costs in women with metastatic breast cancer receiving chemotherapy as their principal treatment modality; Montserrat Vera-Llonch, Derek Weycker, Andrew Glass, Sue Gao, Rohit Borker, Angie Qin and Gerry Oster
http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2407/11/250/
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Annual Costs of Care, breast cancer: $23,078; for individuals over age 65.

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, www.cancer.org
http://costprojections.cancer.gov/annual.costs.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average annual health care expenses for newly diagnosed cancer patients younger than 65 years were $16,910 in 2007, with $2,159 (13%) paid directly out of survivors' pockets.

American Cancer Society, Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures, 2012-2013, page 20
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-033876.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in women.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

61 is the median age of diagnosis for breast cancer.

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute
http://seer.cancer.gov/statfacts/html/breast.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aProstate Cancer

Average Out of Pocket Cost

Total mean OPI costs varied between RP group and EBRT group at 3-month ($5576 vs. $2010), 6-month ($1776 vs. $2133), 12-month ($757 vs. $774), and at 24-month follow-up ($458 vs. $871).

PubMed, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, The burden of out-of-pocket and indirect costs of prostate cancer.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20658653
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

The study reveals that the cumulative cost of prostate cancer is, on average, $42,570 over five years or $8,514 per year.

Medical News Today, News Article, Dec. 24, 2006; Study published Feb. 1, 2007 issue of Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society.
http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/releases/59608.php
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Annual Costs of Care, prostate cancer: $19,710, for individuals over age 65.

U.S. National Institutes of Health, National Cancer Institute, www.cancer.org
http://costprojections.cancer.gov/annual.costs.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average annual health care expenses for newly diagnosed cancer patients younger than 65 years were $16,910 in 2007, with $2,159 (13%) paid directly out of survivors' pockets.

American Cancer Society, Cancer Treatment & Survivorship Facts & Figures, 2012-2013, page 20
http://www.cancer.org/acs/groups/content/@epidemiologysurveilance/documents/document/acspc-033876.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

The chance of having prostate cancer is very rare, but rises rapidly after age 50.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

67 is the average age of diagnosis for prostate cancer.

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-key-statistics
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aDiabetes

Average Out of Pocket Cost

For a patient with type 1diabetes the annual estimated costs are more than $2,100.

American Cancer Society Cancer Action Network (ACS CAN)
http://action.acscan.org/site/News2?page=NewsArticle&id=11253&news_iv_ctrl=1321
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

People with diagnosed diabetes incur average expenditures of $11,744 per year, of which $6,649 is attributed to diabetes.

American Diabetes Association, Article in Diabetes Care 31:596–615, 2008.
http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/31/3/596.full.pdf%20html?maxtoshow=&HITS=10&hits=10&RESULTFORMAT=&fulltext=economic+costs&searchid=1&FIRSTINDEX=0&sortspec=relevance&resourcetype=HWCIT
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Health-care costs now average $11,744 per person with diabetes.

Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Newsletter.
http://odfiles.tamu.edu/odfiles/CountyAnnualReports_2012/HockleyCountyAnnualReport.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The average annual cost per case is $2,864 for undiagnosed diabetes, $9,975 for diagnosed diabetes ($9,677 for type 2 and $14,856 for type 1), and $443 for pre-diabetes (medical costs only).

The Economic Burden Of Diabetes, Health Affairs February 2010 29:2297-303; published ahead of print January 14, 2010.
http://content.healthaffairs.org/content/29/2/297.abstract
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

12.6 million women have diabetes (10.8 percent of all women ages 20 years and older).

National Diabetes Education Program
http://ndep.nih.gov/diabetes-facts/
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

13.0 million men have diabetes (11.8 percent of all men ages 20 years and older).

National Diabetes Education Program
http://ndep.nih.gov/diabetes-facts/
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

10.9 million Americans ages 65 and older have diabetes — 26.9 percent of this age group.

National Diabetes Education Program
http://ndep.nih.gov/diabetes-facts/
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

aBroken Leg

Average Out of Pocket Cost

A typical doctor fee for non-surgical treatment of a fracture would include $90 to $200 for the office visit and from $250 to $950 for treatment, according to Carolina Orthopedic Surgery Associates. (Note costs are representative for York, Lancaster, and Chester, South Carolina counties. May not be typical costs for other areas of the country.)

Carolina Orthopedic Surgery
http://www.c-osa.com/charges.htm
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Without health insurance, the average cost to treat a broken leg is over $10,000.

Healthcare Leadership Council
http://www.getcoverednow.org/moreinfo.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

A leg X-ray costs an average of $210, according to NewChoiceHealth.com, but can cost as much as $1,700.

NewChoiceHealth.com
http://newchoicehealth.com/Directory/Procedure/104/Leg%20X-Ray
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Extremity fractures are most common, and usually occur in men younger than age 45, and then become more common in women over age 45. The most common fracture prior to age 75 is a wrist fracture. In those over age 75, hip fractures become the most common broken bone.

Fracture Information, What is a Fracture? By Jonathan Cluett, M.D., About.com Guide
http://orthopedics.about.com/cs/otherfractures/a/fracture.htm
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

aBroken Leg (for children)

Average Out of Pocket Cost

A typical doctor fee for non-surgical treatment of a fracture would include $90 to $200 for the office visit and from $250 to $950 for treatment, according to Carolina Orthopedic Surgery Associates. (Note costs are representative for York, Lancaster, and Chester, South Carolina counties. May not be typical costs for other areas of the country.)

Carolina Orthopedic Surgery
http://www.c-osa.com/charges.htm
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Without health insurance, the average cost to treat a broken leg is over $10,000.

Healthcare Leadership Council
http://www.getcoverednow.org/moreinfo.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

A leg X-ray costs an average of $210, according to NewChoiceHealth.com, but can cost as much as $1,700.

NewChoiceHealth.com
http://newchoicehealth.com/Directory/Procedure/104/Leg%20X-Ray
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

More than 200,000 children visit emergency rooms annually for playground injuries.

National Safety Council Facts
http://www.nsc.org/members_get_more/Documents/100%20Year%20Toolkit/Facts%20About%20Safety.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

aLeukemia (for children)

Average Out of Pocket Cost

The average out-of-pocket cost for a family with a child battling cancer is over $9,700.

Give Forward.
http://www.giveforward.com/pediatriccancer
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Total mean cost of the entire treatment was $103,250 ($55,196 -- 166,039) per patient, 53% of which were basic hospital costs and 47% patient-specific costs.

PubMed, US National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Cost analysis of the treatment of acute childhood lymphocytic leukemia according to Nordic protocols. Rahiala J, Riikonen P, Kekäläinen L, Perkkiö M., Department of Pediatrics, Kuopio University Hospital, University of Kuopio, Finland.
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10830464
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

This company's highest cost claimant in 2011 was a child with leukemia, whose medical costs totaled $795,000.

National Business Group on Health, Copyright 2012.
http://businessgrouphealth.org/pdfs/Pediatric%20cancer%20fact%20sheet%20_Final.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Among children and teens less than 20 years old, leukemia is the most common cancer and the leading cause of cancer death.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
http://www.cdc.gov/Features/HematologicCancers/
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aAsthma (for children)

Average Out of Pocket Cost

The researchers found that across plans, the average out-of-pocket cost of asthma medications per year was $154 among those ages 5 to 18 years and $151 among those younger than 5 years.

News-Medical.Net article, published March 28, 2012
http://www.news-medical.net/news/20120328/Greater-out-of-pocket-asthma-medication-costs-associated-with-frequent-hospitalizations-among-children.aspx
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Very poorly controlled asthma patients incurred at baseline an average of $7,846 in costs associated with asthma, compared to $3,526 for not well controlled asthma patients and $3,766 for well controlled asthma, therefore costs range from $3,526 to $7,846.

News Article; UPI.com, published Aug. 8, 2011; the study, published in The Archives of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, by Dr. Stanley Szefler, a professor of pediatrics at National Jewish Health.
http://www.upi.com/Health_News/2011/08/07/Poorly-controlled-asthma-doubles-costs/UPI-59571312692406/
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Asthma cost the US about $3,300 per person with asthma each year from 2002 to 2007 in medical expenses, missed school and work days, and early deaths.

American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology (AAAAI) Asthma Statistics
http://www.aaaai.org/about-the-aaaai/newsroom/asthma-statistics.aspx
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

The average expenditure per child for asthma is $796.

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, STATISTICAL BRIEF #349: Health Care Expenditures for the Five Most Common for children's Conditions, 2008: Estimates for U.S. Civilian Noninstitutionalized for children, Ages 0-17
http://meps.ahrq.gov/mepsweb/data_files/publications/st349/stat349.shtml
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Asthma is the most common lasting disorder in childhood.

Healthy for children.org
http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/pages/Treatment-of-Childhood-Asthma.aspx
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

Asthma is the third leading cause of hospitalization for children under age 15.

Healthy for children.org
http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/allergies-asthma/pages/Treatment-of-Childhood-Asthma.aspx
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

Asthma affects an estimated 7.1 million children under 18.

American Lung Association
http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/asthma/resources/facts-and-figures/asthma-children-fact-sheet.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

aPneumonia (for children)

Average Out of Pocket Cost

Costs per person, per year of direct medical expenditures for patients with pneumonia: from $769 (ages 5-17) to $2,055 (under age of five).

The University of Texas at Austin College of Pharmacy, Haesuk Park and Karen Rascati
http://www.utexas.edu/pharmacy/research/posters/ispor11/park1.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

Average Medical Cost

Annual outpatient costs of pneumonia patients: $7,529; mean hospital charges: $21,386, therefore you could say from $7,529 to $21,386.

Jeffrey Modell Centers Network, Economic Impact Study, Comparing Undiagnosed and Diagnosed Patients with Primary Immunodeficiencies
http://www.info4pi.org/scientific_publications/pdf/Economic_Impact_110107.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013

General/Statistical Information

Pneumonia affects more boys than girls.

Boston for children's Hospital
http://www.childrenshospital.org/az/Site1457/mainpageS1457P0.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

Approximately one-third of the pneumonia cases in the United States each year are caused by respiratory viruses. These viruses are the most common cause of pneumonia in children younger than 5 years.

American Lung Association
http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/pneumonia/understanding-pneumonia.html
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

Over a quarter (26%) of all hospitalizations in 2005 for children under age 15 years was due to respiratory diseases; almost a third (31%) of those were due to pneumonia.

American Lung Association, Lung Disease Data: 2008, page 32
http://www.lung.org/assets/documents/publications/lung-disease-data/LDD_2008.pdf
Date Accessed: Jan. 17, 2013

The average hospital stay can cost almost $10,000.

The Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ). Statistical Brief 146, Costs for Hospital Stays in the United States, 2010, Anne Pfuntner, Lauren M. Wier, M.P.H., and Claudia Steiner, M.D., M.P.H.
http://www.hcup-us.ahrq.gov/reports/statbriefs/sb146.jsp
Date Accessed: Jan. 15, 2013